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One of the largest historic residences in Europe

Mannheim Baroque Palace

Visitors to Mannheim Palace. Image: Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg, Niels Schubert
A magnificent ascent to the main story

The staircase

with an antechamber

The staircase is an independent, large part of the building and is in front of the central palace building. The monumental double stairs lead from the entrance hall into the antesala, the light-flooded antechamber of the main story. The magnificent fresco and stucco decorations are still impressive today.

Detail of the central ceiling painting on the staircase of Mannheim Palace. Image: Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg, Arnim Weischer

The original ceiling frescoes have been lost.

Greek gods on the ceiling

The three ceiling frescoes on the staircase were created in 1730 by the famous painter, Cosmas Damian Asam (1686–1739). They were lost in World War II. In 1956, they were recreated by the painter Carolus Vocke (1899–1979). The "Judgment of Paris" from Greek mythology is depicted in the center. The side frescoes show the goddesses Juno and Venus.

Stucco relief by Paul Egell on the main staircase of Mannheim Palace, 1728. Image: Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg, Arnim Weischer

Delicate stucco images adorn the staircase.

The finest stucco

The delicate stucco images were created in 1728 by Paul Egell (1691–1752). The four elements, the morning, and the evening are depicted. Above the door to the balcony, the allegory of Fama, or Fame, can be seen. She holds a cartouche with the initials C and P (for Carl Philipp) in her hands. Imitation trophies of war, such as drums, scimitars, or turbans reference the prince-elector's military career.

Ceremonial reception on the staircase of Mannheim Palace. Image: Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg, credit unknown

The staircase as a central location for royal reception ceremonies.

Reception ceremony for important guests

The magnificent staircase with its double stairs offered ample space for the complex reception ceremonies that prevailed at European courts in the 18th century. For example, according to a guest's rank and importance, they were received either in front of the entrance gate, on the staircase, or not until in the staterooms on the upper story.

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