One of the largest historic residences in Europe

Mannheim Baroque Palace

Heart of the Residence

The Rittersaal

(Knights' Hall)

The Rittersaal (Knights' Hall) is located in the central axis of the main building. This is where gatherings the Palatinate Hubertus Order knights were held. As a large ballroom, this prestigious space was used for glittering receptions and court festivities.

Mannheim Baroque Palace, Knights' Hall; photo: Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg, Arnim Weischer

False doors provided symmetry.

Monumental architecture

From the staircase, a double-leaf door leads into the magnificent Knights' Hall. Of the four doors arranged on the short side, two lead into the adjacent apartments. The two other doors are false doors, serving only to provide symmetry – typical of the Baroque age! Five window axes looked out onto the palace gardens which are no longer there. The Knights' Hall was largely destroyed during the Second World War and was reconstructed after 1947. Its monumental qualities continue to impress today.

Royal décor

The Baroque ceiling frescos by Cosmas Damian Asam were destroyed in the Second World War. In 1956, Carolus Vicki reconstructed the ceiling frescos from historical photos. They depict a feast of the gods honouring the marriage between Peleus and Goddess Thetis. Paul Egell created the Baroque stucco reliefs between the pilasters. They depict architecture, music, the visual arts and medicine. In the corner niches are marble statues of Elector Carl Theodor and his wife Elisabeth Augusta.

The ceiling fresco was masterly restored by Carolus Vicki in 1956, using old photos.

Mannheim Baroque Palace, Elector Ruprecht III; photo: Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg, Steffen Hauswirth

Elector Ruprecht III was elected as king.

The Ancestral Portrait Galley – a look at the family

The walls of the Knights' Hall are adorned with likenesses of Elector Carl Philipp's ancestors. He considered among his illustrious ancestors Ruprecht III of the Palatinate who ruled as King of Germany from 1400 to 1410. Also displayed here are the founders of the Palatinate-Newburg line as well as his direct ancestors, his father Philipp Wilhelm and brother Johann Wilhelm. Elector Carl Philipp also appears in the ancestral portrait gallery: his grand portrait hangs above the fireplace on the left.

Other highlights in Mannheim Baroque Palace